Friday Edition – No 30

Perfection of the Intellect and Moral Traits in the Rule of al-Mahdi (af)

Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (a):

“When our Qa’im makes his advent, he will place his hand over the heads of the servants and their intellects will join together and their ethical traits will be perfected.”

(Bihaar al-Anwaar, v.52, p.336)

Muhammad (s): A Personification of the Divine Character (3)

1. When he was called by his companions or others, he would say: ‘labbayk’ (here I am!)

2. When he ate, he would sit with one leg upright and the other relaxed.

3. he never used to blow on food or breathe in the cup [when drinking].

4. He used to like the meat of the arm-bone and shoulder, and he disliked the [meat of the] hipbone because of its closeness to the urinary tract. (Imam al-Sadiq)

5. He never criticized food –ever. If he had an appetite for it, he ate it otherwise he left it.

6. He would praise Allah (s) between every two morsels.

7. He used to lick his fingers after he ate.

(Sunan al-Nabi (Eng), Allamah Tabataba’i)

Honoring the Children

– From the Life of the Holy Prophet (s)

When a small child would be brought to the Holy Prophet (s) in order to pray for blessings for him, he would take him in his arms so as to honor his family. Sometimes the child would urinate on him, so some of those who saw this would give a loud cry. He (s) would say: “Do not interrupt him until he has finished urinating.”

Then, when he had finished praying for the child or naming him and his family was happy, he would return the child to his family, and they would not see signs of him being upset by the urine of their child. When they had left, he (s) would wash his clothes.

(Makaarim al-Akhlaaq, p.25)

Fiqh Corner

Khums – Part 4

Question: What are the deductible expenses when calculating Khums payment?

Answer: The expenditure which is to be deducted from the income is of two types:

(a)       Household expenses and

(b)       Commercial expenditure.

Household Expenses – The Eligible Deductions:

The deductible household expenses include food, drink, accommodation, transportation, furniture, marriage expenses, medical expenses, payment of sadaqah, hajj, ziyarat, gifts, donations and charity, paying debts, legal penalties, wages of servants, insurance premiums, the amount deducted from your salary for mandatory pension plan, income tax, etc..

In case of “paying debts”, only the debts for the essential needs can be deducted from the income, not the payment of loan or debt which is for expanding the business, etc..  In the latter case, first one has to pay khums from the surplus of the income and then pay such debts from the remaining 80%.

The premiums paid for insurances like car, fire, medical and protection insurance including premiums paid for permanent life insurance and term life insurance can be counted as deductible expenses and deducted from the annual income. In short, Insurance premiums are allowable expenses and, therefore, there is no khums on it.

In case of mandatory pension, you will count it as part of your income whenever you get it, and then pay khums if you save anything from it in that year.

However, as regards to the non-mandatory “retirement saving plan” you have to pay khums on the money that you set aside that year for your retirement saving plan.  If you invest a large sum in such plans and find yourself without enough liquid asset to pay khums, then you should work out an instalment plan to pay Khums in a few months’ time.

(Courtesy of Br. Yusuf Kermalli)

“The prophets ate dinner after the ‘Isha prayers so do not abandon it,

for not eating dinner is harmful to the body.”

– Imam Ali b. Abi Talib (a)

Scientific Facts which are not Taught in Modern Schools! (4)

5. What is Taught: Isaac Newton’s 17th century study of lenses, light and prisms forms the foundation of the modern science of optics.

What Should be Taught: In the 11th century al-Haytham determined virtually everything that Newton advanced regarding optics centuries prior and is regarded by numerous authorities as the ‘founder of optics. ‘There is little doubt that Newton was influenced by him. Al-Haytham was the most quoted physicist of the Middle Ages. His works were utilized and quoted by a greater number of European scholars during the 16th and 17th centuries than those of Newton and Galileo combined.

6. What is Taught: Movable type and the printing press was invented in the West by Johannes Gutenberg of Germany during the 15th century.

What Should be Taught: In 1454, Gutenberg developed the most sophisticated printing press of the Middle Ages. However, movable brass type was in use in Islamic Spain 100 years prior, and that is where the West’s first printing devices were made.

Which is Better: Wealth or Knowledge?!

O Kumayl, knowledge is better than wealth, for:

1. Knowledge guards you, while you must guard wealth;

2. And wealth diminishes as it is spent, while knowledge increases as it is disbursed;

3. And the results of wealth disappear with the disappearance of wealth.

(Nahj al-Balaaghah, saying 134)

Burka Vs Bikini – The Debauchery of American Womanhood (excerpt)

– By Henry Makow, Ph.D. – 9-18-2002

On my wall, I have a picture of a Muslim woman shrouded in a burka. Beside it is a picture of an American beauty contestant, wearing nothing but a bikini. One woman is totally hidden from the public; the other is totally exposed. These two extremes say a great deal about the clash of so-called “civilizations.”

The role of woman is at the heart of any culture. Apart from stealing Arab oil, the impending war in the Middle East is about stripping Arabs of their religion and culture, exchanging the burka for a bikini.

I am not an expert on the condition of Muslim women and I love feminine beauty too much to advocate the burka here. But I am defending some of the values that the burka represents for me. For me, the burka represents a woman’s consecration to her husband and family. Only they see her. It affirms the privacy, exclusivity and importance of the domestic sphere.

The Muslim woman’s focus is her home, the “nest” where her children are born and reared. She is the “home” maker, the taproot that sustains the spiritual life of the family, nurturing and training her children, providing refuge and support to her husband.

In contrast, the bikinied American beauty queen struts practically naked in front of millions on TV. A feminist, she belongs to herself. In practice, paradoxically, she is public property. She belongs to no one and everyone. She shops her body to the highest bidder. She is auctioning herself all of the time.

In America, the cultural measure of a woman’s value is her sex appeal. As this asset depreciates quickly, she is neurotically obsessed with appearance and plagued by weight problems.

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